Resultado da pesquisa (6)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Hematuria

#1 - Ocurrence enzootic hematuria in buffaloes in Brazil: epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects

Abstract in English:

It is reported the occurrence of enzootic hematuria (EH) in buffaloes in Brazil after performing an epidemiological survey and clinicopathological analises. To date, EH caused by ingestion of Pteridium esculentum subsp. arachnoideum, a radiomimetic plant popularly known as “bracken fern”, has not been described in this species in Brazil. Bovine EH is responsible for high economic losses in Brazil’s Southeast Region not only because of the deaths it causes, but also owing to its negative effect on productivity. In São José do Barreiro County, São Paulo, some farmers in areas with a high incidence of bovine EH have been replacing cattle with buffaloes, based on the premise that the latter would be more resistant to poisoning by ingestion of Pteridium spp. However, even though initial observations indicated that buffaloes are indeed less sensitive than cattle to the toxic principle of Pteridium spp., cases of hematuria in this species have been reported. According to preliminary date, EH only occurs in buffaloes over six years of age. Macroscopic examination revealed a thickened urinary vesicle mucosa, along with multiple foci of ulcerated, exophytic, verrucous, and pedunculated lesions. In one of the buffaloes studied, the bladder wall was ruptured and exhibited marked secondary inflammation. Histologically, neoplastic and non-neoplastic changes similar to those described in cattle poisoned by Pteridium spp. were observed. The neoplasms found included papilloma, carcinoma in situ, urothelial carcinoma (low and high grade), inverted, microcystic, and trabecular variants, urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation (squamous and glandular), squamous cell carcinoma, lymphangioma, hemangioma, and hemangiosarcoma. There was also coexistence of epithelial and mesenchymal neoplasms. Bovine papillomavirus particles were not detected by polymerase chain reaction in the bladder samples analyzed.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Descreve-se, através de levantamento epidemiológico e avaliação clínico-patológica, a ocorrência de hematúria enzoótica (HE) em búfalos no Brasil. Essa condição, causada pela ingestão da planta radiomimética Pteridium esculentum subsp. arachnoideum, conhecida popularmente como “samambaia” ou “samambaia do campo”, até então não havia sido descrita nessa espécie no Brasil. Na Região Sudeste, a HE bovina é responsável por elevadas perdas econômicas, devidas não apenas aos óbitos, mas também em função da queda de produtividade. No município de São José do Barreiro/SP, alguns produtores de áreas com alta incidência de HE bovina, vêm substituindo os bovinos por búfalos, com base na premissa de que estes seriam mais resistentes à intoxicação. Embora, de acordo com observações iniciais, os búfalos realmente sejam menos sensíveis que os bovinos ao princípio tóxico de Pteridium spp., ainda assim, tem-se verificado a ocorrência de casos de hematúria nessa espécie. De acordo com o levantamento inicial, a HE só ocorre em búfalos com idade a partir de seis anos. Ao exame macroscópico, verificou-se a mucosa da bexiga espessa, com múltiplos focos de lesões ulceradas, exofíticas, papiliformes, verrucosas, pedunculadas. Histologicamente, foram observadas alterações neoplásicas e não neoplásicas semelhantes às descritas nos bovinos com HE. Entre as neoplasias foram encontrados papiloma, carcinoma in situ, carcinoma urotelial (baixo e alto grau), variantes invertida, microcística e trabecular, carcinoma urotelial com diferenciação divergente (escamosa e glandular), carcinoma de células escamosas, linfangioma, hemangioma e hemangiossarcoma. Ocorreu também coexistência entre neoplasias epiteliais e mesenquimais. Não foram detectadas partículas de papilomavírus bovino pelo teste PCR nas amostras de bexiga analisadas.


#2 - Profile of farms with pastures invaded by Pteridium arachnoideum in northern Mato Grosso and prevalence of bovine enzootic hematuria, 34(8):753-759

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Furlan F.H., Costa F.L., Torres Jr S.C.S., Kerber F.L., Damasceno E.S., Salino A. & Riet-Correa F. 2014. [Profile of farms with pastures invaded by Pteridium arachnoideum in northern Mato Grosso and prevalence of bovine enzootic hematuria.] Perfil de propriedades rurais com pastos invadidos por Pteridium arachnoideum na região norte de Mato Grosso e prevalência de hematúria enzoótica bovina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 34(8):753-759, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Patologia Animal, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Centro Universitário de Sinop, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Av. Alexandre Ferronato 1200, Distrito Industrial, Sinop, MT 78550-000, Brazil. E-mail: furlan@ufmt.br The profile of 40 farms with pastures invaded by Pteridium arachnoideum in northern Mato Grosso as well as the prevalence of bovine enzootic haematuria (BEH) in dairy and beef cattle in the region are described. The BEH was observed in 15/40 properties with prevalence rates ranging from 0.8 to 16.6%. Aspects related to the deployment of pastures and management are discussed. In most farms where BEH occurs, the pastures were highly invaded by the plant, whereas in most farms where HEB does not occur the pastures had less than 10% of Pteridium arachnoideum. Deforestation and the use of fire were determinant factors in the invasion of the paddocks by P. arachnoideum.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Furlan F.H., Costa F.L., Torres Jr S.C.S., Kerber F.L., Damasceno E.S., Salino A. & Riet-Correa F. 2014. [Profile of farms with pastures invaded by Pteridium arachnoideum in northern Mato Grosso and prevalence of bovine enzootic hematuria.] Perfil de propriedades rurais com pastos invadidos por Pteridium arachnoideum na região norte de Mato Grosso e prevalência de hematúria enzoótica bovina. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 34(8):753-759, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Patologia Animal, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Centro Universitário de Sinop, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Av. Alexandre Ferronato 1200, Distrito Industrial, Sinop, MT 78550-000, Brazil. E-mail: furlan@ufmt.br Descreve-se o perfil de 40 propriedades rurais com pastagens invadidas por Pteridium arachnoideum na região norte de Mato Grosso, bem como a prevalência de hematúria enzoótica bovina (HEB) em bovinos de leite e corte nessa região. A HEB foi observada em 15/40 propriedades com prevalências variando entre 0,8 e 16,6%. Aspectos relacionados à implantação das pastagens e manejos utilizados foram discutidos. A maior parte das propriedades que apresentaram HEB possuíam pastagens altamente invadidas pela planta, enquanto que a maioria das propriedades que nunca apresentaram animais acometidos por HEB possuíam pastos com áreas invadidas abaixo de 10%. O desmatamento e a utilização de queimada foram fatores determinantes na invasão de piquetes por P. arachnoidem.


#3 - Survival/viability of cattle with Bovine Enzootic Hematuria after transfer to area free of Pteridium arachnoideum, 32(9):887-902

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Galvão A., Brito M.F., Aragão A.P., Yamasaki E.M., Peixoto P.V. & Tokarnia C.H. 2012. [Survival/viability of cattle with Bovine Enzootic Hematuria after transfer to area free of Pteridium arachnoideum.] Sobrevivência/viabilidade de bovinos com Hematúria Enzoótica após transferência para região livre de Pteridium arachnoideum. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(9):887-902. Projeto Sanidade Animal Embrapa/UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: tokarnia@ufrrj.br With the objective of explaining the question of survival of cattle affected by Enzootic Hematuria, when transferred to areas free of Pteridium arachnoideum, the study was accomplished in two parts: a) by a questionnaire regarding the epidemic aspects of that illness, which was answered by the proprietors of 73 cattle establishments visited in the areas of Southeast of Brazil, where P. arachnoideum is prevalent. The applied questionnaire to the proprietors indicates that enzootic hematuria is responsible for serious socioeconomic problems; b) clinical and laboratorial attendance of 51 cattle of this area affected by Enzootic Hematuria, between 2007 and 2011, transferred to area free of P. arachnoideum. More than 90% of the affected animals by HEB died before two years after removal from areas free of P. arachnoideum.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Galvão A., Brito M.F., Aragão A.P., Yamasaki E.M., Peixoto P.V. & Tokarnia C.H. 2012. [Survival/viability of cattle with Bovine Enzootic Hematuria after transfer to area free of Pteridium arachnoideum.] Sobrevivência/viabilidade de bovinos com Hematúria Enzoótica após transferência para região livre de Pteridium arachnoideum. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 32(9):887-902. Projeto Sanidade Animal Embrapa/UFRRJ, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: tokarnia@ufrrj.br Com o objetivo de esclarecer a questão da sobrevida de bovinos afetados por Hematúria Enzoótica, quando transferidos para áreas livres de Pteridium arachnoideum, o estudo foi realizado em duas partes: a) aplicação de questionário versando sobre os aspectos epidemiológicos dessa enfermidade, respondido por proprietários de 73 estabelecimentos pecuários visitados nas áreas da Região Sudeste onde P. arachnoideum é prevalente. O questionário aplicado aos proprietários indica que a HEB é causa de sérios problemas sócio-econômicos. b) acompanhamento clínico e laboratorial de 51 bovinos desta região, afetados pela Hematúria Enzoótica entre 2007 e 2011, transferidos para região livre de P. arachnoideum. Verificou-se que mais de 90% dos animais afetados por HEB morre antes de dois anos após serem transferidos para áreas indenes de P. arachnoideum.


#4 - Aspectos clínicos-hematológicos e lesões vesicais nas formas crônicas de intoxicação espontânea por Pteridium aquilinum em bovinos, p.515-525

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Gabriel A.L., Kommers G.D., Masuda E.K, Fighera R.A., Piazer J.V.M., Barros C.S.L., Martins T.B. & Rosa F.B. 2009. [Clinical and hematological aspects and urinary bladder lesions in chronic spontaneous poisoning by Pteridium aquilinum in cattle.] Aspectos clínicos-hematológicos e lesões vesicais nas formas crônicas de intoxicação espontânea por Pteridium aquilinum em bovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(7):515-525. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Camobi, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil. E-mail: glaukommers@yahoo.com Spontaneous cases of chronic poisoning by Pteridium aquilinum in cattle were studied. The clinical forms of the disease were squamous cell carcinoma (SCCs) of the upper digestive tract (UDT) and bovine enzootic hematuria (BEH). The cases were from the midland Region of the Midwest of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and were submitted to the Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Clinical signs and blood work were evaluated at terminal phase of disease. Cattle with UDT SCCs had progressive weigth loss, ruminal atony, cough, dysphagia, bloating, and regurgitation. In cattle with BEH, hematuria was observed in all cases, followed by progressive weight loss. Non-regenerative anemia was detected in 33.33% of the cattle with UDT SCCs form and in 66.66% of the cattle with BEH form. Changes in white blood count occurred in some cases but drop in lymphocyte numbers was uncommon in both forms of disease. For the morphological study, urinary bladders from 46 cattle with UDT SCCs and 11 cattle with BEH were analyzed. Grossly, 16/46 bladders from the UDT SCCs form had gross lesions (red or pale vesical nodules, hemorrhages, and papilomas; red urine was detected at necropsy of only three cases). In BEH form, the bladder had nodules, large neoplastic masses, red urine, papilomas, and hemorrhages. Pyelonephritis and hydronephrosis were seen in a few cases. Microscopically, in the UDT SCCs form, 44/46 (95.65%) bladders had 22 different types of morphological changes, characterized by neoplastic lesions (5/22) and non-neoplastic lesions (17/22); the latter were subdivided in non-neoplastic epithelial changes (6/17), general changes of the lamina propria (6/17), and inflammatory changes (5/17). The bladder changes in BEH form were of 19 different types, characterized by neoplastic lesions (5/19) and non-neoplastic lesions (14/19), which were subdivided in non-neoplastic epitelial changes (9/14), general changes of the lamina propria (3/14), and inflammatory changes (2/14). In BEH, mesenchymal neoplasms were more observed than epithelial ones, and most of them were malignant. Immunohistochemistry was utilized to characterize the histogenesis of poorly differentiated neoplasms. In conclusion, the morphological study demonstrated that urinary bladder lesions identical to the those seen in cattle with BEH, are very often present in cattle with the UDT SCCs form.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Gabriel A.L., Kommers G.D., Masuda E.K, Fighera R.A., Piazer J.V.M., Barros C.S.L., Martins T.B. & Rosa F.B. 2009. [Clinical and hematological aspects and urinary bladder lesions in chronic spontaneous poisoning by Pteridium aquilinum in cattle.] Aspectos clínicos-hematológicos e lesões vesicais nas formas crônicas de intoxicação espontânea por Pteridium aquilinum em bovinos. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(7):515-525. Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Camobi, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil. E-mail: glaukommers@yahoo.com Spontaneous cases of chronic poisoning by Pteridium aquilinum in cattle were studied. The clinical forms of the disease were squamous cell carcinoma (SCCs) of the upper digestive tract (UDT) and bovine enzootic hematuria (BEH). The cases were from the midland Region of the Midwest of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, and were submitted to the Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Clinical signs and blood work were evaluated at terminal phase of disease. Cattle with UDT SCCs had progressive weigth loss, ruminal atony, cough, dysphagia, bloating, and regurgitation. In cattle with BEH, hematuria was observed in all cases, followed by progressive weight loss. Non-regenerative anemia was detected in 33.33% of the cattle with UDT SCCs form and in 66.66% of the cattle with BEH form. Changes in white blood count occurred in some cases but drop in lymphocyte numbers was uncommon in both forms of disease. For the morphological study, urinary bladders from 46 cattle with UDT SCCs and 11 cattle with BEH were analyzed. Grossly, 16/46 bladders from the UDT SCCs form had gross lesions (red or pale vesical nodules, hemorrhages, and papilomas; red urine was detected at necropsy of only three cases). In BEH form, the bladder had nodules, large neoplastic masses, red urine, papilomas, and hemorrhages. Pyelonephritis and hydronephrosis were seen in a few cases. Microscopically, in the UDT SCCs form, 44/46 (95.65%) bladders had 22 different types of morphological changes, characterized by neoplastic lesions (5/22) and non-neoplastic lesions (17/22); the latter were subdivided in non-neoplastic epithelial changes (6/17), general changes of the lamina propria (6/17), and inflammatory changes (5/17). The bladder changes in BEH form were of 19 different types, characterized by neoplastic lesions (5/19) and non-neoplastic lesions (14/19), which were subdivided in non-neoplastic epitelial changes (9/14), general changes of the lamina propria (3/14), and inflammatory changes (2/14). In BEH, mesenchymal neoplasms were more observed than epithelial ones, and most of them were malignant. Immunohistochemistry was utilized to characterize the histogenesis of poorly differentiated neoplasms. In conclusion, the morphological study demonstrated that urinary bladder lesions identical to the those seen in cattle with BEH, are very often present in cattle with the UDT SCCs form.


#5 - Histopathological aspects of Bovine Enzootic Hematuria ln Brazil, 23(2): 65-81

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Peixoto P.V., França T.N., Barros C.S.L. & Tokarnia C.H. 2003. [Histopathological aspects of Bovine Enzootic Haematuria in Brazil.] Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 23(2):65-81. Depto Nutrição Animal e Pastagem, Instituto de Zootecnia, UFRRJ, Km 47, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro 23835-000, Brazil. E-mail: peixotop@ufrrj.br The bladder lesions of 59 cattle, from the States of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná and Amazon, affected by Bovine Enzootic Haematuria (BEH), were studied histologically. The objective of this study was to describe and redassify neoplastic and non-neoplastic alterations not yet reported, according to the more complete current nomendature used in human medicine. There was an almost complete identity with alterations observed in the bladder of man. Due to the occurrence of two or more neoplasms in the sarne animal, differences in the methodology and in the concept of dassification, a more precise comparison was not possible. Coexistence of different types of epithelial and/or mesenchymal tumour growth was frequently seen. Rare neoplasms or differentiations not previously described were found in the bladder of some animais affected by BEH. These were trabecular carcinoma with Paneth cells differentiation, mesonephroid adenoma, mesonephroid adenocarcinoma, "signet ring" cell carcinoma, plasmocytoid carcinoma, chromophobe cell carcinoma and nested type of transitional cell carcinoma. Haemangiosarcomas originating from haemangiomas were also observed. This study also revealed the occurrence of many tumors with anaplasia and pronounced infiltrative features, but which did not metastasize. The elucidation of the cause of this "barrier against metastases" and its relationship with chemical carcinogenesis induced by the ptaquiloside, the active principie of bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum), could be of interest to future research on the control of neoplasia in man and animais.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Peixoto P.V., França T.N., Barros C.S.L. & Tokarnia C.H. 2003. [Histopathological aspects of Bovine Enzootic Haematuria in Brazil.] Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 23(2):65-81. [Aspectos histopatológicos da Hematúria Enzoótica Bovina no Brasil.] Depto Nutrição Animal e Pastagem, Instituto de Zootecnia, UFRRJ, Km 47, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro 23835-000, Brazil. E-mail: peixotop@ufrrj.br Com o objetivo de descrever alterações neoplásicas e não-neoplásicas ainda não relatadas e, paralelamente, reclassificá-las de acordo com nomenclatura mais completa e atual utilizada em medicina humana, foram estudadas, histologicamente, lesões da bexiga de 59 bovinos com Hematúria Enzoótica (HEB), oriundos dos Estados do Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná e Amazonas. Verificou-se, em termos qualitativos, quase uma perfeita identidade com as lesões de bexiga observadas em seres humanos. Comparações mais exatas com relação à freqüência dessas alterações ficaram prejudicadas, dadas a ocorrência de duas ou mais neoplasias em um mesmo animal e as diferenças da metodologia empregada ou do conceito de classificação. Coexistência entre neoplasias diversas, epiteliais e/ou mesenquimais, foi vista com freqüência. Neoplasias ou diferenciações raras, ainda não descritas na bexiga de bovinos, como carcinoma trabecular com diferenciação em células de Paneth, adenoma e adenocarcinoma mesonefróides, carcino ma "signet ring" (anel de sinete), carcinoma plasmocitóide, carcinoma de células cromófobas e carcinoma transicional tipo ninhado foram observadas na bexiga de alguns animais com HEB. Foram verificados hemangiossarcomas proliferando a partir de hemangiomas. O estudo revelou, ainda, a· ocorrência de. diversos tumores com anaplasia e carácter infiltrativo acentuados, incapazes, porém, de metastizarem. O esclarecimento da(s) causa(s) dessa "barreira à metástase" e suas relações com a carcinogênese química induzida pelo ptaquilosídeo, o princípio ativo de Pteridium aquilinum, talvez possa ser de interesse em futuros estudos que visem combater o câncer no homem e nos animais.


#6 - Diseases caused by the radiomimetic principle of Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). A review, 22(3):85-96

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- França T.N., Tokarnia C.H. & Peixoto P.V. 2002. [Diseases caused by the radiomimetic principle of Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). A review.] Enfermidades determinadas pelo princípio radiomimético de Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 22(3):85-96. Universidade Estácio de Sá, Curso de Medicina Veterinária, de Anatomia Patológica, Estrada Boca do Mato 850, Vargem Pequena, RJ 22783-320, Brazil. E-mail: ticiana@uol.com.br The more significant data concerning epidemiological, toxicological, clinical and pathological features observed in animals poisoned by Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn are presented. Bovine enzootic haematuria, upper digestive tract carcinomas, haemorrhagic syndrome, intestinal tumors and progressive retinal degeneration ("bright blindness") are reviewed stressing their importance. This review was made to bring to attention the economic importance of the plant regarding cattle raising and also the risk to human health.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- França T.N., Tokarnia C.H. & Peixoto P.V. 2002. [Diseases caused by the radiomimetic principle of Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). A review.] Enfermidades determinadas pelo princípio radiomimético de Pteridium aquilinum (Polypodiaceae). Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 22(3):85-96. Universidade Estácio de Sá, Curso de Medicina Veterinária, de Anatomia Patológica, Estrada Boca do Mato 850, Vargem Pequena, RJ 22783-320, Brazil. E-mail: ticiana@uol.com.br Por meio de revisão da literatura pertinente foram coligidos e são apresentados os principais dados relativos aos aspectos epidemiológicos, toxicológicos, clínicos, anátomo e histopatológicos observados nos casos de intoxicação pelo princípio radiomimético de Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. São abordados a Hematúria Enzoótica Bovina (HEB), os Carcinomas das Vias Digestivas Superiores (CVDS), a Diátese Hemorrágica (DH), os Tumores Intestinais (TI) e a Degeneração Progressiva da Retina (DPR), com ênfase proporcional à importância de cada entidade. Esse estudo objetiva chamar a atenção para o especial significado dessa planta para a pecuária, em função dos prejuízos econômicos por ela determinados e, também, pelo provável risco que ela representa para a saúde humana.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV
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