Resultado da pesquisa (2)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa isinfection

#1 - Efficacy of disinfectants to inactivate H1N1 influenza A virus isolated from pigs

Abstract in English:

The aim of this study was to access the efficacy of four disinfectants to inactivate influenza A [H1N1] 0 hour and 72 hours after disinfectant dilution. A pandemic H1N1 influenza virus isolated from a pig with respiratory disease was used to obtain inoculums containing 6.4log10 EID50/mL; 5.4log10 EID50/mL; 4.4log10 EID50/mL and 3.4log10 EID50/mL. Suspension test was composed of 400µL of viral inoculum, 100µL of organic load and 500µL of each individually diluted disinfectant and incubated for ten minutes of contact time. After a neutralizing step, each mixture was filtered on a 0.22µm membrane and 0.2mL was inoculated in six 9-day-old embryo chicken egg through allantoic route. The allantoic fluid from eggs was harvest for RT-PCR and hemagglutination test. The experiment was repeated 72 hours after disinfectant dilution. On the first assessment with fresh disinfectant, influenza virus was inactivated by oxidizing compost disinfectant and phenolic disinfectant in all virus concentrations, the quaternary ammonium compound (QAC) and glutaraldehyde association inactivated the virus up to a concentration of 5.4log10 EID50/mL. QAC disinfectant did not eliminate virus viability. Seventy-two hours after disinfectants were diluted, oxidizing compost disinfectant and QAC and glutaraldehyde association disinfectant demonstrated the same result as the evaluation with fresh disinfectant solution. Phenolic disinfectant inactivated viral inoculum up to a concentration of 5.4log10 EID50/mL. QAC had no effect on inactivating 3.4log10 EID50/mL of influenza virus. In conclusion, three of the four disinfectants tested were effective to inactivate pandemic H1N1 influenza virus in the presence of organic load. Test result performed 72hours after disinfectant dilution suggest a decrease in the effectiveness of one disinfectant.

Abstract in Portuguese:

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficácia de quatro desinfetantes em inativar o vírus da influenza A [H1N1] 0-hora e 72-horas após a diluição dos produtos. Um vírus H1N1 pandêmico isolado previamente de um suíno com doença respiratória foi utilizado e foram obtidas quatro concentrações de inóculo contendo 6,4log10 EID50/mL; 5,4log10 EID50/mL; 4,4log10 EID50/mL and 3,4log10 EID50/mL. Para compor o teste em suspensão foram adicionados 400µL de inóculo viral, 100µL de matéria orgânica e 500µL de cada desinfetante diluído individualmente e a mesma foi incubada por 10 minutos. Após a etapa neutralizante, a suspensão foi filtrada em membrana 0,22µm e 0,2mL foi inoculado em seis ovos de galinha embrionados de nove dias de incubação, via rota alantóide. O fluido alantóide foi colhido após 72 horas para testes de hemaglutinação e RT-PCR. O mesmo protocolo experimental foi repetido usando as soluções desinfetantes 72 horas após a diluição. O vírus da influenza foi inativado pelo composto oxidante e também pelo desinfetante fenólico em todas as concentrações virais testadas 0-hora após diluição. O desinfetante com associação de amônia quaternária e glutaraldeído inativou o vírus na concentração de até 5,4log10 EID50/mL. O desinfetante à base de amônia quaternária não inativou o vírus. Os resultados 72-horas após a diluição não diferiram quando comparado com 0-hora, exceto o desinfetante fenólico, o qual inativou o vírus da influenza somente até a concentração 5,4log10 EID50/mL. Concluindo, três dos quatro desinfetantes testados foram efetivos ao inativar o vírus da influenza [H1N1] pandêmico na presença de matéria orgânica. Os resultados do teste com produtos diluídos após 72 horas sugerem redução da efetividade em, pelo menos, um desinfetante.


#2 - Avaliação da eficiência da desinfecção de teteiras e dos tetos no processo de ordenha mecânica de vacas

Abstract in English:

Amaral L.A, Isa H., Dias L.T., Rossi Jr. O.D. & Nader Filho A. 2004. [Efficiency of the disinfection of teatcups and teats during mechanic milking of dairy cows.] Avaliação da eficiência da desinfecção de teteiras e dos tetos no processo de ordenha mecânica de vacas. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(4):173-177. FCAV, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. E-mail: lamaral@fcav.unesp.br The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the efficiency of the teatcup disinfection process by immersion into a disinfectant solution, using sodium hypochlorite and organic chlorine, to verify the residual chlorine dynamics in both solutions during milking time, and to evaluate three premilking disinfection methods: immersion, spray and sponge. Total coliforms, fecal coliforms, Staphylococcus sp and mesophilic microorganism counting was done. The results showed that the disinfecting clusters between individual cows, using immersion in sodium hypochlorite or organic chlorine solutions with a concentration of 150ppm, was not efficient for the rubber teatcup microorganism reduction. The organic chlorine solution showed more stability. Teatcup is a potential microorganism vehicle for milk and the mammary gland. Disinfection of the teats reduced the number of the microorganisms studied in all treatments, showing to be a simple method that can be used to reduce the microrganism transmission risks during milking and to increase the microbial quality of the milk.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Amaral L.A, Isa H., Dias L.T., Rossi Jr. O.D. & Nader Filho A. 2004. [Efficiency of the disinfection of teatcups and teats during mechanic milking of dairy cows.] Avaliação da eficiência da desinfecção de teteiras e dos tetos no processo de ordenha mecânica de vacas. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 24(4):173-177. FCAV, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14884-900, Brazil. E-mail: lamaral@fcav.unesp.br The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the efficiency of the teatcup disinfection process by immersion into a disinfectant solution, using sodium hypochlorite and organic chlorine, to verify the residual chlorine dynamics in both solutions during milking time, and to evaluate three premilking disinfection methods: immersion, spray and sponge. Total coliforms, fecal coliforms, Staphylococcus sp and mesophilic microorganism counting was done. The results showed that the disinfecting clusters between individual cows, using immersion in sodium hypochlorite or organic chlorine solutions with a concentration of 150ppm, was not efficient for the rubber teatcup microorganism reduction. The organic chlorine solution showed more stability. Teatcup is a potential microorganism vehicle for milk and the mammary gland. Disinfection of the teats reduced the number of the microorganisms studied in all treatments, showing to be a simple method that can be used to reduce the microrganism transmission risks during milking and to increase the microbial quality of the milk.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV
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