Resultado da pesquisa (7)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Newcastle disease

#1 - Tracheal post-vaccinal reaction to different strains of Newcastle disease virus

Abstract in English:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the post-vaccinal reaction to two lentogenic vaccine strains of Newcatle disease virus (NDV) and a recombinant turkey herpesvirus (rHVT) vaccine expressing the fusion glycoprotein of NDV in broiler chickens through histomorphometric and histopathologic analyses of the trachea. The experiment involved 245 chicks housed in randomized blocks with three different enclosures under controlled conditions of temperature, light and ventilation. Each enclosure represented a vaccine strain and was divided into groups according to the administration route. Each block also had its own control group composed of unvaccinated birds. The vaccine strains PHY.LMV.42 (PL42) and La Sota (LS) were selected according to the Intracerebral Pathogenicity Index (ICPI) and the rHVT-NDV Serotype 3 strain (ST3) was selected for representing non-NDV infection. At two, four, seven, 14 and 21 days post vaccination, fragments from the middle third of the trachea were collected and submitted to routine histological processing. For the histomorphometric analysis, the slides were photographed, and the thickness of the tracheal mucosa was measured. Statistical analysis involved two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc test with a 5% significance level. For the histopathological evaluation, lesions were described as to the degree of intensity and distribution. At four and 14 days post vaccination with the LS strain administered by the ocular route, the means of thickening of the tracheal mucosa (20.85±7.31µm and 26.97±5.50µm, respectively) were significantly higher (p<0.05) than for all other strains, which was related to the severe histopathological lesions found in this group, characterized by hyperemia, hyperplasia of the mucous glands, moderate deciliation and multifocal lymphohistiocytic inflammatory infiltrate. At 21 days, broiler chickens vaccinated with the ST3 strain showed more discrete lesions and less thickening of the tracheal mucosa (23.23±7.62µm; p<0.05) in comparison with other studied strains. The lesions found in this group were only hemorrhage, deciliation and mild focal lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate. The results of the histomorphometry and histopathology of the trachea indicated that vaccination with rHVT-NDV Serotype 3 strain induced lower degree post-vaccine tracheal lesions compared to other vaccine strains analyzed in this study.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Objetivou-se avaliar a reação pós-vacinal de duas estirpes lentogênicas do vírus da doença de Newcastle (VDN) e uma vacina recombinante de herpesvirus de perus (rHVT) que expressa a glicoproteína de fusão de VDN em frangos de corte por meio da histomorfometria e histopatologia da traqueia. Foram utilizados 245 pintos alojados em blocos ao acaso, sendo três galpões distintos em condições controladas de temperatura, luz e ventilação. Cada galpão representou uma cepa vacinal, onde foram divididos por grupos de acordo com a via de administração. Todos os blocos possuíam um grupo controle composto por aves não vacinadas. As cepas vacinais PHY.LMV.42 (PL42) e La Sota (LS) utilizadas foram selecionadas de acordo com o Índice de Patogenicidade Intracerebral (IPIC) e a cepa Sorotipo 3 (ST3), da vacina rHVT-VDN foi selecionada por não representar infecção do VDN. Aos dois, quarto, sete, 14 e 21 dias pós-vacinação, fragmentos do terço médio da traqueia foram coletados e posteriormente processados conforme rotina histológica. Para análise histomorfométrica da mucosa traqueal, as lâminas foram fotografadas e realizadas as mensurações da espessura da mucosa traqueal sendo aplicado teste de análise de variância a dois critérios (ANOVA) e utilizando o post-hoc de Tukey com nível de significância de 5%. Para a avaliação histopatológica foram observadas a presença de lesões microscópicas e estas foram descritas quanto ao grau de intensidade e distribuição. Aos quatro e quatorze dias pós-vacinação com a cepa LS administrada por via ocular, as médias do espessamento da mucosa traqueal (20,85±7,31µm e 26,97±5,50µm, respectivamente) foram significativamente maiores (p<0,05) quando comparada a todas as demais cepas utilizadas, isto se deve às severas lesões histopatológicas encontrados neste grupo, caracterizadas por hiperemia, hiperplasia das glândulas mucosas, deciliação moderada e infiltrado inflamatório linfohistiocitário multifocal moderado. Já aos 21 dias as aves vacinadas com a cepa ST3 apresentaram lesões mais discretas e menor espessamento da mucosa da traqueia (23,23±7,62µm; p<0,05) em comparação às demais cepas estudadas. As lesões encontradas neste grupo foram apenas hemorragia, deciliação e infiltrado inflamatório linfocitário focal discreto. Os resultados da histomorfometria e da histopatologia da traqueia indicou que a vacinação com a rHVT-NDV, cepa Sorotipo 3 induziu menor grau de lesões pós-vacinais na traqueia comparada a outras cepas vacinais analisadas nesse estudo.


#2 - Pathological and molecular findings of avian avulavirus type 1 outbreak in pigeons (Columba livia) of southern Brazil

Abstract in English:

The Newcastle disease, caused by avian avulavirus type 1 strains (APMV-1) is an important avian disease involved into high rates of mortality and economic losses. Several outbreaks have been reported over the last 30 years in Columbiformes in different parts of the world, caused by a adapted variant strain of AAvV-1, called pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1). A high mortality associated with an outbreak was analyzed in free-living pigeons (Columba livia) in a public square in Porto Alegre in Southern Brazil. A total of 24 pigeons moribund or freshly dead, within five weeks interval were submitted to necropsy, histopathological, immunohistochemical (anti-Newcastle), and RT-PCR followed by sequencing of the amplification products analysis. They presented neurological signs, non-suppurative encephalitis and encephalomyelitis, and mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate in different organs. Immunohistochemical analysis in nine pigeons tissue showed that anti-Newcastle was expressed in brain, kidney, liver and pancreas. The RT-PCR test for the M protein of Newcastle disease virus was positive in six pigeons. The differential diagnosis of Influenza, West Nile, Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in all pigeons presented negative results. The sequence of amino acids in the cleavage site region of the F protein was 112RRQKRF117 classifying the strain as virulent. The phylogenetic analysis classified this virus strain into Class II and VI genotype.

Abstract in Portuguese:

A doença de Newcastle, causada por cepas de avulavirus aviário tipo 1 (AAvV-1), é uma doença de aves importante por causar altos índices de mortalidade e perdas econômicas. Vários surtos têm sido relatados ao longo de 30 anos em aves da ordem Columbiformes, em diferentes partes do mundo, causados por uma cepa variante específica de AAvV-1, denominada Pigeon paramyxovirus tipo 1 (PPMV-1). Foi analisado um surto de mortalidade em pombos domésticos (Columba livia), provenientes de uma praça pública em Porto Alegre, no Sul do Brasil. Vinte e quatro aves moribundas ou mortas foram submetidas, no intervalo de cinco semanas, ao exame de necropsia, exame histopatológico, imuno-histoquímico anti-Newcastle, RT PCR e sequenciamento. Apresentaram sinais neurológicos, encefalite e encefalomielite não supurativas, além de infiltrado inflamatório mononuclear em diversos órgãos. Nove aves demonstraram exame imuno histoquímico positivo em órgãos como cérebro, rim, fígado e pâncreas. Seis aves foram positivas no exame de RT-PCR para a proteína M do vírus da Doença de Newcastle. Nos exames de diagnósticos diferenciais de Influenza, West Nile, Mycoplasma gallisepticum e Mycoplasma synoviae, todas as aves testadas foram negativas. A sequência dos aminoácidos na região do sítio de clivagem da proteína foi 112RRQKRF117, classificando a cepa como virulenta. De acordo com a análise filogenética o vírus identificado foi classificado como pertencente à classe II e ao genótipo VI.


#3 - Phylogenetic and pathotypic characterization of newcastle disease virus in Tibetan chickens, China

Abstract in English:

Chickens are considered to be potential reservoirs of Newcastle disease virus (NDV). In this study, six Newcastle disease virus strains were isolated and characterized in Tibetan chickens. The HN gene was sequenced, and phylogenetic relationship to reference strains was studied. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that these six isolated strains were closely related to NDV isolates of the reference strains GQ245823, KT002186, KU527561, KJ563939, AY225110, EU305607, KM056357, Y18898, GQ245832, AF077761 and lasota strain. Among them, EU305607, KJ563939 and KM056357 were isolated from India, while lasota strain came from attenuated vaccine widely used in China. Then, mean death time (MDT) and intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI) were used to estimate the pathogenicity of the isolates. Pathogenicity experiment showed HNH1 and HN17 to be virulent. Our results indicated that genetically diverse viruses circulate in Tibetan chickens, and based upon the phlogeographic analysis, we estimated the origin of ancestral viruses of the isolates and its sister strains located in India and China (lasota strain). It indicates the importance of continuous surveillance to enhance current understanding of the genetic evolution of the NDV strains.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Chickens are considered to be potential reservoirs of Newcastle disease virus (NDV). In this study, six Newcastle disease virus strains were isolated and characterized in Tibetan chickens. The HN gene was sequenced, and phylogenetic relationship to reference strains was studied. The phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that these six isolated strains were closely related to NDV isolates of the reference strains GQ245823, KT002186, KU527561, KJ563939, AY225110, EU305607, KM056357, Y18898, GQ245832, AF077761 and lasota strain. Among them, EU305607, KJ563939 and KM056357 were isolated from India, while lasota strain came from attenuated vaccine widely used in China. Then, mean death time (MDT) and intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI) were used to estimate the pathogenicity of the isolates. Pathogenicity experiment showed HNH1 and HN17 to be virulent. Our results indicated that genetically diverse viruses circulate in Tibetan chickens, and based upon the phlogeographic analysis, we estimated the origin of ancestral viruses of the isolates and its sister strains located in India and China (lasota strain). It indicates the importance of continuous surveillance to enhance current understanding of the genetic evolution of the NDV strains.


#4 - Effects of polysaccharide from Ophiopogon japonicus on immune response to Newcastle disease vaccine in chicken, 36(12):1155-1159

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Song X., Cao M., Yin Z., Jia R., Zou Y., Li L., Yue G., Liang X., Yin L. & He C. 2016. Effects of polysaccharide from Ophiopogon japonicus on immune response to Newcastle disease vaccine in chicken. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(12):1155-1159. Natural Medicine Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China. E-mail: yinzhongq@163.com In order to investigate the immune enhancement effects of Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide Ophiopogon japonicus (OJPS) on Newcastle disease (ND) live vaccine, chickens vaccinated against ND live vaccine was orally administered with the OJPS at high, medium and low concentrations respectively. In negative control group, chickens were given orally equal volume of physiological saline. On day 14, 21 and 28, the serum antibody titer, erythrocyte-C3b receptor rosette rate (E-C3bRR), erythrocyte-C3b immune complex rosette rate (E-ICRR) and peripheral lymphocyte proliferation were measured. The results showed that at most time points, the antibody titer, peripheral lymphocyte proliferation, E-C3bRR and elimination rate of immune complex of three OJPS administrating groups were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in negative control group. It indicated that OJPS could significantly improve the immune efficacy of Newcastle disease live vaccine, Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide possessed synergistical immunoenhancement.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Song X., Cao M., Yin Z., Jia R., Zou Y., Li L., Yue G., Liang X., Yin L. & He C. 2016. Effects of polysaccharide from Ophiopogon japonicus on immune response to Newcastle disease vaccine in chicken. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(12):1155-1159. Natural Medicine Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China. E-mail: yinzhongq@163.com In order to investigate the immune enhancement effects of Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide Ophiopogon japonicus (OJPS) on Newcastle disease (ND) live vaccine, chickens vaccinated against ND live vaccine was orally administered with the OJPS at high, medium and low concentrations respectively. In negative control group, chickens were given orally equal volume of physiological saline. On day 14, 21 and 28, the serum antibody titer, erythrocyte-C3b receptor rosette rate (E-C3bRR), erythrocyte-C3b immune complex rosette rate (E-ICRR) and peripheral lymphocyte proliferation were measured. The results showed that at most time points, the antibody titer, peripheral lymphocyte proliferation, E-C3bRR and elimination rate of immune complex of three OJPS administrating groups were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in negative control group. It indicated that OJPS could significantly improve the immune efficacy of Newcastle disease live vaccine, Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide possessed synergistical immunoenhancement.


#5 - Prevalence of the Newcastle disease virus in an ornamental bird flock

Abstract in English:

A virological surveillance study on a bird flock over a period of three years resulted in the isolation of 27 strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), in 360 fecal samples. These isolations occurred from May to September and from November to January, with the highest percentage in the first two years of the investigation (1981/1982 and 1982/1983). Feces were colleçted from healthy birds and virus presence was investigated by inoculation into fertile eggs. The positive isolates were identified by the hemagglutination inhibition test (HI).

Abstract in Portuguese:

O estudo de vigilância virológica de uma comunidade de pássaros num período de três anos, resultou no isolamento de 21 amostras de vírus da doença de Newcastle (NDV), entre 360 materiais fecais examinados. Estes isolamentos ocorreram de maio a setembro e de novembro a janeiro, com mais alta percentagem nos primeiros dois anos de investigação (1981/82 e 1982/83). Os pássaros aparentemente saudáveis tiveram suas fezes coletadas e a presença virai foi investigada pela inoculação em ovos embrionados. Os vírus isolados foram identificados por inibição de hemaglutinação (HI).


#6 - Occurrence of antibodies for avian viruses in broilers in a region of high density poultry production

Abstract in English:

Blood samples were obtained at slaughter from sixty 43 to 56 day old broilers, from each of 60 healthy flocks located in a region of high density poultry production. The flocks tested corresponded to approximately 10% of the total number existing in the region and were located within a radius of 50 km. All broilers had been vaccinated against Marek's disease atone day of age. Sera were tested in the immunodiffusion test for antibodies to avian reovirus (ARV), infectious bursal disease vírus (IBDV), fowl poxvirus (FPV), herpes virus of turkeys (HVT), avian adenovirus of groups 1 (AAV-1) and 2 (AAV-2). The sarne sera were tested in the micro serum neutralization test in plates for antibodies to infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), and for hemagglutination inhibition antibodies to Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Antibodies to ARV, detected in 2172 (63.6%) of 3418 sera, and to AAV-1, in 2701 (78.2%) of 3456 sera, were found in all 60 flocks, while antibodies to IBDV, in 3086 (89.4%) of 3452 sera, were found in only 57 of the sarne flocks. These results indicated that the three viruses are ubiquitous in broilers. Antibodies to FPV in 14 (0.5%) of 2935 sera, and to NDV in 6 (0.2%) of 3320 sera, were demonstrated in five of 59 and in one of 60 flocks, respectively, indicating that these two viruses occur only rarely. Antibodies to HVT, in 315 (9.0%) of 3384 sera, were detected in 39 of 60 flocks tested, suggesting poor serological response to vaccination and low field exposure to MDV. Antibodies to IBV, in 61 (2.1 %) of 2925 sera, were found in 12 of 57 flocks tested. However, in only one flock was the percentage of reactors significant (41 %); in the 11 flocks the percentage of broilers with antibody ranged from 1.7 to 16.1 %. Finally, no antibodies were found in 3491 sera from 60 flocks tested for AAV-2, nor in 3035 sera from 59 flocks when tested for ILTV, indicating that these two viruses do not exist in the geographical area tested. The significance of these findings is discussed.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Amostras de sangue foram obtidas ao abate de 60 frangos de corte, de 43 a 56 dias de idade, de cada uma de 60 granjas sem problemas sanitários aparentes localizadas em uma região de alta densidade de produção avícola. As granjas correspondiam a 10% do número total que existe na região e estavam localizadas em um raio de 50 km. Todos os frangos tinham sido vacinados contra a doença de Marek no primeiro dia de vida. Os soros foram avaliados no teste de imunodifusão para anticorpos para reovírus aviário (R V A), vírus da doença infecciosa da bursa (VDIB), vírus da bouba aviária (VBA), vírus herpes de perus (HVT), adenovírus aviário do grupo 1 (AVA-1) e do grupo 2 (A VA-2). Os mesmos soros foram examinados no microteste de soroneutralização em placas para anticorpos para o vírus da bronquite infecciosa (VBI) e o vírus da laringotraqueíte infecciosa (VLTI), bem como anticorpos inibidores da hemoaglutinação para o vírus da doença de Newcastle (VDN). Anticorpos para RVA, detectados em 2172 (63,6%) de 3418 soros, e para AVA-1, em 2701 (78,2%) de 3456 soros, foram demonstrados em todas as 60 granjas, enquanto que, anticorpos para o VDIB, em 3086 (89,4%) de 3452 soros, foram encontrados em somente 57 destas granjas. Estes resultados indicam que os três vírus são ubíquos em frangos de corte da região estudada. Anticorpos para o VBA em 14 (0,5%) de 2935 soros, para o VDN em seis (0,2%) de 3320 soros, foram encontrados em cinco de 59 e em uma de 60 granjas, respectivamente, indicando que esses dois vírus ocorrem apenas raramente. Anticorpos para HVT, em 315 (9,0%) de 3484 soros, foram detectados em 39 de 60 granjas testadas, sugerindo resposta sorológica pobre à vacinação e baixa exposição de campo ao vírus da doença de Marek. Anticorpos para o VBI, em 61 (2,1%) de 2925 soros, foram encontrados em 12 de 57 granjas testadas. Porém, em apenas uma granja a percentagem de reagentes era significativa (41 %); nas outras 11 granjas a percentagem de frangos com anticorpos variava de 1,7 a 16,1%. Finalmente, não foram detectados anticorpos em 3491 soros de 60 granjas testada para A VA-2, nem em 3035 soros de 59 granjas testadas para o VLTI, indicando que esses vírus não existem na área geográficas estudada. O significado de todos os achados é discutido.


#7 - Comparative evaluation of different administration methods of a vaccine prepared with the LaSota strain of Newcastle disease virus

Abstract in English:

A comparative study of different application methods of a vaccine prepared with the LaSota strain, in primary vaccination against Newcastle disease, was· carried out in broiler-chicks from immune parental stock. Primary vaccination of seven day old birds was performed by aerosol, eye drop instillation and drinking water. The aerosol method induced the highest response of the hemagglutination inhiniting antibody, which was significant at the 5% level of probability whem compared to the eyedrop and drinking water methods. Whem vaccinated birds were challenged, it was found that the aerosol method provided better protection than the drinking water method, significant at the 5% level of probability. However, no significant diferences could be detected between the aerosol and the eyedrop methods. There was no correlalion between the hemagglutination inhibiting antibody titers found and the protection to challenge.

Abstract in Portuguese:

Um estudo comparativo entre diferentes métodos de administração de vacina preparada com a estirpe LaSota, em primovacinação contra a doença de Newcastle, foi realizado em pintos de corte, procedentes de matrizes imunizadas. Empregando-se primovacinação aos sete dias de idade das aves, pelas vias aerógenas, ocular e oral; o método aerosol induziu melhor resposta de anticorpos inibidores da hemaglutinação (HI), com significância ao nível de 5% de probabilidade, em relação aos métodos ocular e oral. No teste de proteção ao desafio, verificou-se a supremacia do método aerosol em relação ao oral, com significância ao nível de 5% de probabilidade, entretanto, sem diferenças significativas entre os métodos aerosol e ocular. Os títulos de anticorpos inibidores da hemaglutinação, em têrmos de valores médios não guardaram correspondência com os índices de proteção ao desafio.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV
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