Resultado da pesquisa (5)

Termo utilizado na pesquisa Baldani C.D.

#1 - Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Trypanosoma spp. in Neotropical primates from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

Abstract in English:

Trypanosoma spp. infection is a problem in many tropical countries, infecting several animal species, including humans. The aim of the present study was to identify the Trypanosoma species in Neotropical primates from Rio de Janeiro state and compare the results with other reports both phylogenetically and geographically. Molecular detection was based on the 18 SSU gene. The sequences obtained in the PCR were sequenced and compared with others previously deposited in GenBank. These sequences were used to perform phylogenetic analysis and make a distribution map of primate species infected by Trypanosoma species in Brazil. Among 34 monkeys, five capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.) and one marmoset (Callithrix spp.) showed Trypanosoma spp. sequences in the same clade of Trypanosoma minasense and three capuchin monkeys’ sequences were in the same clade of Trypanosoma cruzi. The Atlantic Forest and the Brazilian Amazon are the regions with the highest frequency of studies about Trypanosoma spp. and variety of Neotropical primate hosts. These are areas that deserve attention regarding the conservation of biodiversity, but it also makes evident the lack of studies with Neotropical primates in other regions of the country, as well as multidisciplinary studies to better understand the host pathogen relationships.

Abstract in Portuguese:

A infecção por Trypanosoma spp. é um problema em muitos países tropicais, infectando várias espécies animais, incluindo humanos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar as espécies de Trypanosoma em primatas neotropicais no estado Rio de Janeiro e comparar os resultados com outros relatos, tanto filogeneticamente quando geograficamente. A detecção molecular foi baseada no gene SSU 18. As sequências obtidas na PCR foram sequenciadas e comparadas com outras previamente depositadas no GenBank. Essas sequências foram utilizadas para análises filogenéticas e confeccionar um mapa de distribuição de espécies de primatas infectadas por espécies de Trypanosoma no Brasil. Entre 34 macacos, cinco macacos-prego (Sapajus spp.) e um sagui (Callithrix spp.) apresentaram sequências de Trypanosoma spp. no mesmo clado de Trypanosoma minasense e três sequências de macacos-prego estavam no mesmo clado de Trypanosoma cruzi. A Mata Atlântica e a Amazônia brasileira são as regiões com maior frequência de estudos sobre Trypanosoma spp. e variedade de primatas neotropicais hospedeiros. São áreas que merecem atenção no que se refere à conservação da biodiversidade, mas também evidencia a carência de estudos com PNH em outras regiões do país e de estudos multidisciplinares para melhor compreender as relações do patógeno hospedeiro.


#2 - Epidemiological survey of Neorickettsia risticii in equids from the State of Rio de Janeiro, 36(10):939-946

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Roier E.C.R., Costa R.L., Pires M.S., Vilela J.A.R., Santos T.M., Santos H.A., Baldani C.D. & Massard C.L. 2016. Epidemiological survey of Neorickettsia risticii in equids from the State of Rio de Janeiro. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):939-946. Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR-465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: carlosmassard@ufrrj.br Equine neorickettsiosis (EN), also known as Potomac Horse Fever, is a non-contagious disease caused by the bacterium Neorickettsia risticii of the Anaplasmataceae family. The objectives of this study were to detect the presence of anti-N. risticii antibodies by the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and of its DNA by qPCR in equids at high and low altitude regions in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to identify factors associated with seropositive equids by multiple logistic regression analysis. The frequency of anti-N. risticii antibodies was 16.05% (n=113/704). The animal age and breeding region were the factors that influenced the seropositivity rate for N. risticii in the equids (p<0.05). Equids from the lowland region had higher seropositivity (p<0.05; OR=5.87) compared to those of the mountain region. The presence of snails on the farm was a factor associated with this result (p<0.05; OR=2.88). In the lowland region, age of the animal and site of breeding were protective factors for the detection of antibodies anti-N. risticii in equids, with lower frequency of seropositivity in younger animals (p<0.05; OR=0.06) and in animals raised in dry areas (p<0.05; OR=0.22). The presence of the target DNA of N. risticii by qPCR was not observed in any of the samples tested. The existence of seropositive equids for N. risticii demonstrates a possible circulation of this agent in the studied area, and that the age related characteristics and equids breeding region are important factors regarding seropositivity in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Roier E.C.R., Costa R.L., Pires M.S., Vilela J.A.R., Santos T.M., Santos H.A., Baldani C.D. & Massard C.L. 2016. Epidemiological survey of Neorickettsia risticii in equids from the State of Rio de Janeiro. [Levantamento epidemiológico de Neorickettsia risticii em equídeos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 36(10):939-946. Departamento de Parasitologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR-465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: carlosmassard@ufrrj.br A Neorickettisiose equina (NE), também conhecida como Febre do Cavalo de Potomac, é uma doença não contagiosa causada pela bactéria Neorickettsia risticii da família Anaplasmataceae. Os objetivos deste estudo foram detectar a presença de anticorpos anti-N. risticii através da reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI) e do DNA dessa bactéria através da qPCR em equídeos de regiões de alta e baixa altitude no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; e identificar os fatores associados com a soropositividade dos equídeos através da análise de regressão logística múltipla. A frequência de anticorpos anti-N. risticii foi de 16,05% (n=113/704). Observou-se que a idade e a região de criação foram os fatores que influenciaram a taxa de soropositividade para N. risticii nos equídeos (p<0,05). Equídeos da região de baixada apresentaram maior soropositividade (p<0,05; OR=5,87) quando comparado aos criados em região de montanha. A presença de caramujos na propriedade foi um fator associado a este resultado (p<0,05; OR=2,88). Na região de baixada, animais mais jovens (p<0,05; OR=0,06), criados em áreas secas (p<0,05; OR=0,22) demonstraram serem fatores de proteção na detecção de anticorpos anti-N. risticii. Não foi observada a presença do DNA-alvo de N. risticii através da qPCR em nenhuma das amostras testadas. A existência de equídeos soropositivos para N. risticii demonstra a possível circulação desse agente na área estudada, e as características inerentes a idade e a região de criação dos equídeos são fatores importantes relacionados à soropositividade no estado do Rio de Janeiro.


#3 - Occurrences of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in sheep from four districts of Tocantins state, Brazilian Legal Amazon Region, 35(2):110-114

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Guimarães A., Raimundo J.M., Moraes L.M.B., Silva A.T., Santos H.A., Pires M.S., Machado R.Z. & Baldani C.D. 2015. Occurrences of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in sheep from four districts of Tocantins state, Brazilian Legal Amazon Region. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 35(2):110-114. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária e Cirurgia, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR-465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: crisbaldani@gmail.com Toxoplasmosis and neosporosis have been recognized as economically important diseases with considerable impact on the livestock industry. Little is known concerning the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in sheep from Tocantins state, Brazil. Here, we investigated antibodies against these parasites and associated factors in 182 sheep from Araguaína, Santa Terezinha do Tocantins, Arguianópolis and Palmeiras do Tocantins districts, Tocantins. Sheep sera were assayed for T. gondii and N. caninum IgG antibodies by indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT), using cut-off point at a dilution of 1:40 and 1:25 respectively. The prevalence of seropositive animal for T. gondii was 13.74% and 13.74% for N. caninum. None of the characteristics studied including reproductive problems, presence of cats, presence of dogs and veterinary care (p>0.05) was associated with occurrence of T. gondii or N. caninum infection. Only breed was identified as associated factor for the occurrence of toxoplasmosis in sheep (p<0.05). The present study is the first report on serum occurrence of T. gondii and N. caninum in sheep from the state of Tocantins, Brazil.

Abstract in Portuguese:

RESUMO.- Guimarães A., Raimundo J.M., Moraes L.M.B., Silva A.T., Santos H.A., Pires M.S., Machado R.Z. & Baldani C.D. 2015. Occurrences of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in sheep from four districts of Tocantins state, Brazilian Legal Amazon Region. [Ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii e anti-Neospora caninum em ovelhas de quatro municípios do estado do Tocantins, Região da Amazônia Legal Brasileira.] Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 35(2):110-114. Departamento de Medicina Veterinária e Cirurgia, Instituto de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR-465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil. E-mail: crisbaldani@gmail.com Toxoplasmose e Neosporose são reconhecidas por doenças economicamente importantes com impacto considerável na indústria pecuária. Pouco se sabe sobre a ocorrência de Toxoplasma gondii e Neospora caninum em ovelhas do estado do Tocantins, Brasil. Foram investigados a ocorrência de anticorpos contra estes parasitos e fatores associados em 182 ovelhas das cidades de Araguaína, Santa Terezinha do Tocantins, Arguianópolis e Palmeiras do Tocantins, Tocantins. Os soro das ovelhas foram testados para anticorpos IgG anti-T. gondii e anti-N. caninum pela Reação de Imunofluorescência Indireta (RIFI), usando os pontos de corte na diluição de 1:40 e 1:25, respectivamente. A prevalência de animais soropositivos para T. gondii foi de 13.74% e para N. caninum, 13.74%. Nenhuma das características estudadas incluindo problemas reprodutivos, presença de gatos, presença de cães e cuidados veterinários (p>0.05) foram associadas com a ocorrência infecção por T. gondii ou N. caninum. Somente raça foi identificada como fator associado à ocorrência de toxoplasmose em ovelhas (p<0.05). O presente trabalho é o primeiro relato da ocorrência sérica de T. gondii e N. caninum em ovelhas do estado do Tocantins, Brasil.


#4 - An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgM antibodies against Leishmania chagasi in dogs, p.120-124

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Carvalho D., Oliveira T.M.F.S., Baldani C.D. & Machado R.Z. 2009. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgM antibodies against Leishmania chagasi in dogs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(2):120-124. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br Visceral leishmaniasis is an emergent zoonosis with an increasing number of new cases in Brazil where the domestic dog is an important parasite reservoir in the infectious cycle of Leishmania chagasi. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), based upon the use of a total soluble antigenic preparation of L. chagasi, was adapted for the detection of IgM antibodies in the serum of infected dogs. Optimal dilutions of the antigen, using positive and negative reference sera, were determined by checkboard titrations. The specificity and sensitivity of the ELISA were 100 %. A total of 110 serum samples were taken from dogs in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and examined for anti-L. chagasi IgM antibody by ELISA and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). About 25% (n=27) of all the dogs tested were found serologically positive for L. chagasi by IFAT, while 89.09% (n=98) were seropositive by ELISA. The results obtained by ELISA and IFAT were significantly different (P<0.01). The combined use of ELISA and IFAT is recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently detect canine visceral leishmaniasis.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Carvalho D., Oliveira T.M.F.S., Baldani C.D. & Machado R.Z. 2009. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgM antibodies against Leishmania chagasi in dogs. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 29(2):120-124. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br Visceral leishmaniasis is an emergent zoonosis with an increasing number of new cases in Brazil where the domestic dog is an important parasite reservoir in the infectious cycle of Leishmania chagasi. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), based upon the use of a total soluble antigenic preparation of L. chagasi, was adapted for the detection of IgM antibodies in the serum of infected dogs. Optimal dilutions of the antigen, using positive and negative reference sera, were determined by checkboard titrations. The specificity and sensitivity of the ELISA were 100 %. A total of 110 serum samples were taken from dogs in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and examined for anti-L. chagasi IgM antibody by ELISA and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). About 25% (n=27) of all the dogs tested were found serologically positive for L. chagasi by IFAT, while 89.09% (n=98) were seropositive by ELISA. The results obtained by ELISA and IFAT were significantly different (P<0.01). The combined use of ELISA and IFAT is recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently detect canine visceral leishmaniasis.


#5 - Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress, p.179-183

Abstract in English:

ABSTRACT.- Baldani C.D., Machado R.Z., Raso T.F. & Pinto A.A. 2007. Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira27(4):179-183. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br A complement fixation test (CFT), performed in microtitre plates, based upon the use of crude antigenic preparation of Babesia equi was adapted for the detection of antibodies in serum of infected horses. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were also used for the immunodiagnosis of B. equi. Serum samples from 15 apparently healthy horses, previously conditioned to a high-speed equine treadmill, were taken before and after exercise. All the samples analyzed were positive for B. equi infection. There were no significant differences (P<0.01) between these 3 tests, or the condition of rest or stress. The combined use of CFT and IFAT or ELISA should be recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently prevent introduction of infected horses into disease-free areas.

Abstract in Portuguese:

ABSTRACT.- Baldani C.D., Machado R.Z., Raso T.F. & Pinto A.A. 2007. Serodiagnosis of Babesia equi in horses submitted to exercise stress. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira27(4):179-183. Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, Jaboticabal, SP 14870-000, Brazil. E-mail: zacarias@fcav.unesp.br A complement fixation test (CFT), performed in microtitre plates, based upon the use of crude antigenic preparation of Babesia equi was adapted for the detection of antibodies in serum of infected horses. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were also used for the immunodiagnosis of B. equi. Serum samples from 15 apparently healthy horses, previously conditioned to a high-speed equine treadmill, were taken before and after exercise. All the samples analyzed were positive for B. equi infection. There were no significant differences (P<0.01) between these 3 tests, or the condition of rest or stress. The combined use of CFT and IFAT or ELISA should be recommended in order to enable veterinary services to more efficiently prevent introduction of infected horses into disease-free areas.


Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal SciELO Brasil CAPES CNPQ UNB UFRRJ CFMV
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